Columbia, MO Demographics

The total population of Columbia is estimated to be 126,172 with 60,695 males (48.10%) and 65,477 females (51.90%). There are 4,782 more females than males in Columbia.
The median household income in Columbia was $62,112 in 2021, which marked an an increase of 1,549(2.56%) from $60,563 in 2020. This income is 83.25% of the U.S. median household income of $74,606 (all incomes in 2022 inflation-adjusted dollars).
Per the latest American Community Survey by the Census Bureau, Columbia sees its highest median household income among householders in the age group of 45 to 64 years old, at $80,844. Overall, the median household income for the city of Columbia stands at $58,067.
In Columbia, the median income for all workers aged 15 years and older, regardless of work hours, was $38,220 for males and $30,352 for females. However, when specifically considering full-time, year-round workers within the same age group, the median income was $54,577 for males and $50,938 for females.
In Columbia, the demographic landscape is diverse, spanning 5 distinct racial categories among households. Among these, Asian households have the highest median household income at $78,042, while Black or African American households represent the opposite end with the lowest median household income of $35,000.
In 2022, the population of Columbia was 128,555, a 0.79% increase year-by-year from 2021. Previously, in 2021, Columbia's population was 127,550, an increase of 0.84% compared to a population of 126,486 in 2020.
The median age in Columbia, MO is 29.2, as per 2021 ACS 5-Year Estimates. Of the total population, 16.24% were under the age of 15, 35.13% aged 15 to 29, 37.85% aged 30 to 64, 9.25% aged 65 to 84, and 1.52% were 85 years of age and older.
Racial distribution of Columbia population: 75.58% are White, 11.54% are Black or African American, 0.20% are American Indian and Alaska Native, 5.96% are Asian, 0.14% are Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.76% are some other race and 5.81% are multiracial.