South Dakota Demographics

The total population of South Dakota is estimated to be 890,342 with 451,671 males (50.73%) and 438,671 females (49.27%). There are 13,000 less females than males in South Dakota.
The median household income in South Dakota was $69,092 in 2021, which marked an an increase of 1,221(1.80%) from $67,871 in 2020. This income is 92.61% of the U.S. median household income of $74,606 (all incomes in 2022 inflation-adjusted dollars).
Per the latest American Community Survey by the Census Bureau, South Dakota sees its highest median household income among householders in the age group of 45 to 64 years old, at $84,326. Overall, the median household income for the state of South Dakota stands at $69,728.
In South Dakota, the median income for all workers aged 15 years and older, regardless of work hours, was $45,391 for males and $31,181 for females. However, when specifically considering full-time, year-round workers within the same age group, the median income was $58,235 for males and $46,387 for females.
In South Dakota, the demographic landscape is diverse, spanning 6 distinct racial categories among households. Among these, White households have the highest median household income at $72,751, while American Indian and Alaska Native households represent the opposite end with the lowest median household income of $31,084.
In 2022, the population of South Dakota was 909,824, a 1.52% increase year-by-year from 2021. Previously, in 2021, South Dakota's population was 896,164, an increase of 0.94% compared to a population of 887,799 in 2020.
The median age in South Dakota is 37.1, as per 2021 ACS 5-Year Estimates. Of the total population, 20.81% were under the age of 15, 19.77% aged 15 to 29, 42.77% aged 30 to 64, 14.53% aged 65 to 84, and 2.12% were 85 years of age and older.
Racial distribution of South Dakota population: 82.62% are White, 2.19% are Black or African American, 8.31% are American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.44% are Asian, 0.09% are Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.99% are some other race and 4.37% are multiracial.