District of Columbia, DC Population by Age

The median age in District of Columbia, DC is 34.3, as per 2021 ACS 5-Year Estimates. Of the total population, 16.03% were under the age of 15, 23.91% aged 15 to 29, 47.89% aged 30 to 64, 10.68% aged 65 to 84, and 1.50% were 85 years of age and older.
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Updated Sep 17, 2023

District of Columbia, DC population age distribution

A complete breakdown of District of Columbia's age demographics from 0 to 85 years, distributed across 18 age groups is listed in the table below.

Age Group Population % of Total Population
Under 5 years 42,958 6.29%
5 to 9 years 35,069 5.13%
10 to 14 years 31,449 4.6%
15 to 19 years 36,641 5.36%
20 to 24 years 49,311 7.22%
25 to 29 years 77,357 11.32%
30 to 34 years 78,357 11.47%
35 to 39 years 60,851 8.91%
40 to 44 years 45,947 6.73%
45 to 49 years 37,731 5.52%
50 to 54 years 35,870 5.25%
55 to 59 years 35,195 5.15%
60 to 64 years 33,219 4.86%
65 to 69 years 26,924 3.94%
70 to 74 years 22,048 3.23%
75 to 79 years 14,718 2.15%
80 to 84 years 9,250 1.35%
85 years and over 10,259 1.5%
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District of Columbia, DC population by age group

Key stats
195,428
Population under 25 years
262,512
Population aged 25-44
142,015
Population aged 45-64
83,199
Population aged 65+

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS) 2021

The graph shows District of Columbia's population by age group, with age group on x-axis and the respective age group's percent of the total population on y-axis
District of Columbia, DC population by age group. The largest age group was 30-34 years with a poulation of 78,357 (11.47% of the total population). Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

The largest age group in District of Columbia, DC was for the group of age 30-34 years with a population of 78,357 (11.47%), according to the 2021 American Community Survey.

At the same time, the smallest age group in District of Columbia, DC was the 80-84 years with a population of 9,250 (1.35%).

District of Columbia, DC population by age cohort

To better understand the age distribution of District of Columbia, DC's population, we divided it into the following 3 cohorts:

  • Children : Under the age of 18 years
  • Adults (working population): Between the age of 18 and 64 years
  • Seniors: 65 years and above
The pie chart shows District of Columbia's population divided into segments, with each segment representing an age cohort. The area of each segment is in the same proportion of a circle as the population of the cohort is of the total population.
District of Columbia, DC population by age cohorts (Children: Under 18 years; Working population: 18-64 years; Senior population: 65 years or more). The largest age group was 18 - 64 years with a poulation of 474,933 (69.52% of the total population). Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

Here's the population for each of the three cohorts.

Age Group Population % of Total Population
Under 18 years 125,022 18.3%
18 to 64 years 474,933 69.52%
85 years and over 83,199 12.18%
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Key stats for each age cohort as per our analysis of U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey:

  • District of Columbia's population under 18 was 18.30%, compared to the 22.51% nationwide.
  • District of Columbia's working population (between 18 and 64) was 69.52%, compared to 61.45% nationwide.
  • District of Columbia's elderly or the senior population (over 65 age) was 12.18% as compared to 16.04% nationwide.

District of Columbia, DC population pyramid

Population pyramid for District of Columbia, DC is charted below using the estimates from U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey 5-Year estimates. A wide base suggests population increase, narrow base indicates declining birth rates.

Key stats from our analysis of the District of Columbia's population pyramid:

  • Youth dependency ratio, which is the number of children aged 0-14 per 100 persons aged 15-64, for District of Columbia, DC, is 22.3.
  • Old-age dependency ratio, which is the number of persons aged 65 or over per 100 persons aged 15-64, for District of Columbia, DC, is 17.0.
  • Total dependency ratio for District of Columbia, DC is 39.3.
  • Potential support ratio, which is the number of youth (working age population) per elderly, for District of Columbia, DC is 5.9.
The graph shows District of Columbia's population across different age group and gender, with population on x-axis and population y-axis. The male population is plotted on the left in blue color whereas the female population is plotted on the right in pink color.
District of Columbia, DC population pyramid i.e. District of Columbia population distrubution across age and gender. Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

Here's the District of Columbia, DC's male and female population across different age groups:

Age Group Population(Male) Population(Female) Total Population
Under 5 years 21,890 21,068 42,958
5 to 9 years 17,335 17,734 35,069
10 to 14 years 16,300 15,149 31,449
15 to 19 years 17,183 19,458 36,641
20 to 24 years 22,320 26,991 49,311
25 to 29 years 35,427 41,930 77,357
30 to 34 years 37,517 40,840 78,357
35 to 39 years 30,036 30,815 60,851
40 to 44 years 22,695 23,252 45,947
45 to 49 years 19,030 18,701 37,731
50 to 54 years 18,207 17,663 35,870
55 to 59 years 18,298 16,897 35,195
60 to 64 years 14,734 18,485 33,219
65 to 69 years 12,005 14,919 26,924
70 to 74 years 9,414 12,634 22,048
75 to 79 years 6,039 8,679 14,718
80 to 84 years 3,312 5,938 9,250
85 years and over 3,748 6,511 10,259
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Things to know

What is the population of District of Columbia, DC under 18?

District of Columbia's population under the age of 18 is 125,022, as per the latest U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey estimates. This population is 18.30% of the total resident population of District of Columbia, DC.

What is the aging population in District of Columbia, DC?

District of Columbia's population aged 65 years and above was 83,199. As per the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey, this population is 12.18% of the entire population.

References

Datasets

Explore datasets by year of publication.
2023
District of Columbia, DC Age Group Population Dataset: A complete breakdown of District of Columbia age demographics from 0 to 85 years, distributed across 18 age groups
Last updated September 16, 2023
ACS
Free
Neilsberg
CSV, JSON
2017-2021
CC BY 4.0
About this dataset

Context

The dataset tabulates the District of Columbia population distribution across 18 age groups. It lists the population in each age group along with the percentage population relative of the total population for District of Columbia. The dataset can be utilized to understand the population distribution of District of Columbia by age. For example, using this dataset, we can identify the largest age group in District of Columbia.

Key observations

The largest age group in District of Columbia, DC was for the group of age 30-34 years with a population of 78,357 (11.47%), according to the 2021 American Community Survey. At the same time, the smallest age group in District of Columbia, DC was the 80-84 years with a population of 9,250 (1.35%). Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

District of Columbia population by age group

Content

When available, the data consists of estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

Age groups:

  • Under 5 years
  • 5 to 9 years
  • 10 to 14 years
  • 15 to 19 years
  • 20 to 24 years
  • 25 to 29 years
  • 30 to 34 years
  • 35 to 39 years
  • 40 to 44 years
  • 45 to 49 years
  • 50 to 54 years
  • 55 to 59 years
  • 60 to 64 years
  • 65 to 69 years
  • 70 to 74 years
  • 75 to 79 years
  • 80 to 84 years
  • 85 years and over

Variables / Data Columns

  • Age Group: This column displays the age group in consideration
  • Population: The population for the specific age group in the District of Columbia is shown in this column.
  • % of Total Population: This column displays the population of each age group as a proportion of District of Columbia total population. Please note that the sum of all percentages may not equal one due to rounding of values.

Good to know

Margin of Error

Data in the dataset are based on the estimates and are subject to sampling variability and thus a margin of error. Neilsberg Research recommends using caution when presening these estimates in your research.

Custom data

If you do need custom data for any of your research project, report or presentation, you can contact our research staff at research@neilsberg.com for a feasibility of a custom tabulation on a fee-for-service basis.

Inspiration

Neilsberg Research Team curates, analyze and publishes demographics and economic data from a variety of public and proprietary sources, each of which often includes multiple surveys and programs. The large majority of Neilsberg Research aggregated datasets and insights is made available for free download at https://www.neilsberg.com/research/.

Recommended for further research

This dataset is a part of the main dataset for District of Columbia Population by Age. You can refer the same here

District of Columbia, DC Age Cohorts Dataset: Children, Working Adults, and Seniors in District of Columbia - Population and Percentage Analysis
Last updated September 16, 2023
ACS
Free
Neilsberg
CSV, JSON
2017-2021
CC BY 4.0
About this dataset

Context

The dataset tabulates the District of Columbia population by age cohorts (Children: Under 18 years; Working population: 18-64 years; Senior population: 65 years or more). It lists the population in each age cohort group along with its percentage relative to the total population of District of Columbia. The dataset can be utilized to understand the population distribution across children, working population and senior population for dependency ratio, housing requirements, ageing, migration patterns etc.

Key observations

The largest age group was $b3_v1 with a poulation of $b3_v2 ($b3_v3 of the total population). Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

District of Columbia population by age cohort

Content

When available, the data consists of estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

Age cohorts:

  • Under 18 years
  • 18 to 64 years
  • 65 years and over

Variables / Data Columns

  • Age Group: This column displays the age cohort for the District of Columbia population analysis. Total expected values are 3 groups ( Children, Working Population and Senior Population).
  • Population: The population for the age cohort in District of Columbia is shown in the following column.
  • Percent of Total Population: The population as a percent of total population of the District of Columbia is shown in the following column.

Good to know

Margin of Error

Data in the dataset are based on the estimates and are subject to sampling variability and thus a margin of error. Neilsberg Research recommends using caution when presening these estimates in your research.

Custom data

If you do need custom data for any of your research project, report or presentation, you can contact our research staff at research@neilsberg.com for a feasibility of a custom tabulation on a fee-for-service basis.

Inspiration

Neilsberg Research Team curates, analyze and publishes demographics and economic data from a variety of public and proprietary sources, each of which often includes multiple surveys and programs. The large majority of Neilsberg Research aggregated datasets and insights is made available for free download at https://www.neilsberg.com/research/.

Recommended for further research

This dataset is a part of the main dataset for District of Columbia Population by Age. You can refer the same here

District of Columbia, DC Population Pyramid Dataset: Age Groups, Male and Female Population, and Total Population for Demographics Analysis
Last updated September 16, 2023
ACS
Free
Neilsberg
CSV, JSON
2017-2021
CC BY 4.0
About this dataset

Context

The dataset tabulates the data for the District of Columbia, DC population pyramid, which represents the District of Columbia population distribution across age and gender, using estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey 5-Year estimates. It lists the male and female population for each age group, along with the total population for those age groups. Higher numbers at the bottom of the table suggest population growth, whereas higher numbers at the top indicate declining birth rates. Furthermore, the dataset can be utilized to understand the youth dependency ratio, old-age dependency ratio, total dependency ratio, and potential support ratio.

Key observations

  • Youth dependency ratio, which is the number of children aged 0-14 per 100 persons aged 15-64, for District of Columbia, DC, is 22.3.
  • Old-age dependency ratio, which is the number of persons aged 65 or over per 100 persons aged 15-64, for District of Columbia, DC, is 17.0.
  • Total dependency ratio for District of Columbia, DC is 39.3.
  • Potential support ratio, which is the number of youth (working age population) per elderly, for District of Columbia, DC is 5.9.

District of Columbia population pyramid

Content

When available, the data consists of estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021 5-Year Estimates.

Age groups:

  • Under 5 years
  • 5 to 9 years
  • 10 to 14 years
  • 15 to 19 years
  • 20 to 24 years
  • 25 to 29 years
  • 30 to 34 years
  • 35 to 39 years
  • 40 to 44 years
  • 45 to 49 years
  • 50 to 54 years
  • 55 to 59 years
  • 60 to 64 years
  • 65 to 69 years
  • 70 to 74 years
  • 75 to 79 years
  • 80 to 84 years
  • 85 years and over

Variables / Data Columns

  • Age Group: This column displays the age group for the District of Columbia population analysis. Total expected values are 18 and are define above in the age groups section.
  • Population (Male): The male population in the District of Columbia for the selected age group is shown in the following column.
  • Population (Female): The female population in the District of Columbia for the selected age group is shown in the following column.
  • Total Population: The total population of the District of Columbia for the selected age group is shown in the following column.

Good to know

Margin of Error

Data in the dataset are based on the estimates and are subject to sampling variability and thus a margin of error. Neilsberg Research recommends using caution when presening these estimates in your research.

Custom data

If you do need custom data for any of your research project, report or presentation, you can contact our research staff at research@neilsberg.com for a feasibility of a custom tabulation on a fee-for-service basis.

Inspiration

Neilsberg Research Team curates, analyze and publishes demographics and economic data from a variety of public and proprietary sources, each of which often includes multiple surveys and programs. The large majority of Neilsberg Research aggregated datasets and insights is made available for free download at https://www.neilsberg.com/research/.

Recommended for further research

This dataset is a part of the main dataset for District of Columbia Population by Age. You can refer the same here

If you're looking for datasets from another year, please feel free to contact us at research@neilsberg.com and we'll be happy to assist you further.

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