United States Population by Race & Ethnicity

Racial distribution of United States population: 65.88% are white, 12.47% are Black or African American, 0.84% are American Indian and Alaska Native, 5.77% are Asian, 0.19% are Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 6.05% are some other race and 8.80% are multiracial.
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Updated Jul 15, 2024

United States population by race

The table below shows United States's population by race.

Race Population % of Total Population
White 218,123,424 65.88%
Black or African American 41,288,572 12.47%
American Indian and Alaska Native 2,786,431 0.84%
Asian 19,112,979 5.77%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 624,863 0.19%
Some other race 20,018,544 6.05%
Two or more races (multiracial) 29,142,780 8.80%
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Avg Income Age group Avg Income Diversity Index Population Gender ratio (M:F) Homeownership % Avg commute time Custom Dataset: USA Self-employed, multilingual, car-commuting, insured individuals 15 to 24 years $27,865 75 27,354 0.75 0.5% 55 min 25 to 44 years $44,231 90 37,459 0.86 19% 43 min 45 to 64 years $53,865 95 42,167 0.77 35% 15 min 65 to 74 years $51,800 74 32,972 0.91 45% 13 min 75 to 84 years $41,234 66 26,758 0.87 66% 42 min 85 years and over $36,093 56 18,857 0.89 76% 45 min

United States population by race

Of the 5 race categories (excluding ethnicity) identified by the Census Bureau, namely American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander and White; United States has a population in all of the race categories.

This confirms that United States's population has become increasingly diverse.

The percent distribution of United States population by race (across all racial categories recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau): 65.88% are white, 12.47% are Black or African American, 0.84% are American Indian and Alaska Native, 5.77% are Asian, 0.19% are Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 6.05% are some other race and 8.80% are multiracial.

FIGURE 1

United States population by race.

The largest racial group in United States is White with a population of 218.12 million (65.88% of the total population).

Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2018-2022 5-Year Estimates.

United States 's racial breakdown clearly shows that there is an absolute majority (i.e. more than 50% of the population belong to one particular race) of White population in the country.

As per the latest data estimates from American Community Survey's 5-year estimates:

1. The largest racial group in United States is White with a population of 218.12 million (65.88% of the total population).

2. The multiracial population, i.e. population that identify themselves with two or more races , is 29.14 million (8.80% of the total population).

Racial / Ethnic makeup of United States

By ethnicity, 61.76 million (18.65% of the total population) is Hispanic or Latino (of any race), and 269.34 million (81.35% of the total population) is Non-Hispanic.

Of the Non-Hispanic population in United States, the largest racial group is White alone with a population of 194.89 million (72.36% of the total Non-Hispanic population).

FIGURE 2

United States Non-Hispanic population by race

All percentages shown below are, % of United States's Non-Hispanic population.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2018-2022 5-Year Estimates.

United States Non-Hispanic population by race

The distribution of the Non-Hispanic population across various race categories

Race Population % of Total Non-Hispanic Population
White alone 194,886,464 72.36%
Black or African American alone 40,146,392 14.91%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 1,826,286 0.68%
Asian alone 18,873,442 7.01%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 561,561 0.21%
Some other race alone 1,418,481 0.53%
Two or more races (multiracial) 11,629,101 4.32%

Among the Hispanic population in United States, regardless of the race, the largest group is of Mexican origin, with a population of 37.15 million (60.15% of the total Hispanic population).

FIGURE 3

United States Hispanic or Latino population

All percentages shown below are, % of United States's Hispanic population.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2018-2022 5-Year Estimates.

United States Hispanic or Latino population

The distribution of the Hispanic or Latino population by their ancestries

Origin Population % of Total Hispanic Population
Mexican 37,145,956 60.15%
Puerto Rican 5,902,402 9.56%
Cuban 2,405,080 3.89%
Other Hispanic or Latino 16,302,428 26.40%

Things to know

What percentage of United States is Hispanic?

As per the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey estimates, 18.65% of United States population is Hispanic.

Among the Hispanic population in United States, regardless of the race, the largest group is of Mexican origin, with a population of 37.15 million (60.15% of the total Hispanic population).

How many Black people does United States have?

United States has 41.29 million Black or African American population as per the estimates from the latest American Community Survey 5-Year estimates. Overall 12.47% of the total population (excluding multiracial) in United States is Black.

What is the largest minority group in United States?

With 81.35% of the total population, Non-Hispanics are the largest ethnic minority in United States.

That being said, with a 12.47% of the total population, Black or African Americans are the largest racial minority in United States.

What is the majority race in United States?

With a population of 218.12 million (65.88% of the total population), Whites are the largest racial majority in United States.

Black or African Americans are second largest race in United States, with 12.47% of the total population.

References

Notes

The analysis presented in this article is based on estimates derived from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey. While these figures offer valuable insights, they are subject to a margin of error. It is advisable to exercise caution and consider the potential margin of error when interpreting and utilizing this data.

Datasets

Explore datasets by year of publication.
2024
United States Population Breakdown By Race (Excluding Ethnicity) Dataset: Population Counts and Percentages for 7 Racial Categories as Identified by the US Census Bureau // 2024 Edition
Last updated July 7, 2024
ACS
Free
Neilsberg
CSV, JSON
2018-2022
CC BY 4.0
About this dataset

Context

The dataset tabulates the population of United States by race. It includes the population of United States across racial categories (excluding ethnicity) as identified by the Census Bureau. The dataset can be utilized to understand the population distribution of United States across relevant racial categories.

Key observations

The percent distribution of United States population by race (across all racial categories recognized by the U.S. Census Bureau): 65.88% are white, 12.47% are Black or African American, 0.84% are American Indian and Alaska Native, 5.77% are Asian, 0.19% are Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 6.05% are some other race and 8.80% are multiracial.

Content

When available, the data consists of estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2018-2022 5-Year Estimates.

Racial categories include:

  • White
  • Black or African American
  • American Indian and Alaska Native
  • Asian
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
  • Some other race
  • Two or more races (multiracial)

Variables / Data Columns

  • Race: This column displays the racial categories (excluding ethnicity) for the United States
  • Population: The population of the racial category (excluding ethnicity) in the United States is shown in this column.
  • % of Total Population: This column displays the percentage distribution of each race as a proportion of United States total population. Please note that the sum of all percentages may not equal one due to rounding of values.

Good to know

Margin of Error

Data in the dataset are based on the estimates and are subject to sampling variability and thus a margin of error. Neilsberg Research recommends using caution when presening these estimates in your research.

Custom data

If you do need custom data for any of your research project, report or presentation, you can contact our research staff at research@neilsberg.com for a feasibility of a custom tabulation on a fee-for-service basis.

Inspiration

Neilsberg Research Team curates, analyze and publishes demographics and economic data from a variety of public and proprietary sources, each of which often includes multiple surveys and programs. The large majority of Neilsberg Research aggregated datasets and insights is made available for free download at https://www.neilsberg.com/research/.

Recommended for further research

This dataset is a part of the main dataset for United States Population by Race & Ethnicity. You can refer the same here

United States Non-Hispanic Population Breakdown By Race Dataset: Non-Hispanic Population Counts and Percentages for 7 Racial Categories as Identified by the US Census Bureau // 2024 Edition
Last updated July 7, 2024
ACS
Free
Neilsberg
CSV, JSON
2018-2022
CC BY 4.0
About this dataset

Context

The dataset tabulates the Non-Hispanic population of United States by race. It includes the distribution of the Non-Hispanic population of United States across various race categories as identified by the Census Bureau. The dataset can be utilized to understand the Non-Hispanic population distribution of United States across relevant racial categories.

Key observations

Of the Non-Hispanic population in United States, the largest racial group is White alone with a population of 194.89 million (72.36% of the total Non-Hispanic population).

Content

When available, the data consists of estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2018-2022 5-Year Estimates.

Racial categories include:

  • White
  • Black or African American
  • American Indian and Alaska Native
  • Asian
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
  • Some other race
  • Two or more races (multiracial)

Variables / Data Columns

  • Race: This column displays the racial categories (for Non-Hispanic) for the United States
  • Population: The population of the racial category (for Non-Hispanic) in the United States is shown in this column.
  • % of Total Population: This column displays the percentage distribution of each race as a proportion of United States total Non-Hispanic population. Please note that the sum of all percentages may not equal one due to rounding of values.

Good to know

Margin of Error

Data in the dataset are based on the estimates and are subject to sampling variability and thus a margin of error. Neilsberg Research recommends using caution when presening these estimates in your research.

Custom data

If you do need custom data for any of your research project, report or presentation, you can contact our research staff at research@neilsberg.com for a feasibility of a custom tabulation on a fee-for-service basis.

Inspiration

Neilsberg Research Team curates, analyze and publishes demographics and economic data from a variety of public and proprietary sources, each of which often includes multiple surveys and programs. The large majority of Neilsberg Research aggregated datasets and insights is made available for free download at https://www.neilsberg.com/research/.

Recommended for further research

This dataset is a part of the main dataset for United States Population by Race & Ethnicity. You can refer the same here

United States Hispanic or Latino Population Distribution by Ancestries Dataset : Detailed Breakdown of Hispanic or Latino Origins // 2024 Edition
Last updated July 7, 2024
ACS
Free
Neilsberg
CSV, JSON
2018-2022
CC BY 4.0
About this dataset

Context

The dataset tabulates the United States Hispanic or Latino population. It includes the distribution of the Hispanic or Latino population, of United States, by their ancestries, as identified by the Census Bureau. The dataset can be utilized to understand the origin of the Hispanic or Latino population of United States.

Key observations

Among the Hispanic population in United States, regardless of the race, the largest group is of Mexican origin, with a population of 37.15 million (60.15% of the total Hispanic population).

Content

When available, the data consists of estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) 2018-2022 5-Year Estimates.

Origin for Hispanic or Latino population include:

  • Mexican
  • Puerto Rican
  • Cuban
  • Other Hispanic or Latino

Variables / Data Columns

  • Origin: This column displays the origin for Hispanic or Latino population for the United States
  • Population: The population of the specific origin for Hispanic or Latino population in the United States is shown in this column.
  • % of Total Hispanic Population: This column displays the percentage distribution of each Hispanic origin as a proportion of United States total Hispanic or Latino population. Please note that the sum of all percentages may not equal one due to rounding of values.

Good to know

Margin of Error

Data in the dataset are based on the estimates and are subject to sampling variability and thus a margin of error. Neilsberg Research recommends using caution when presening these estimates in your research.

Custom data

If you do need custom data for any of your research project, report or presentation, you can contact our research staff at research@neilsberg.com for a feasibility of a custom tabulation on a fee-for-service basis.

Inspiration

Neilsberg Research Team curates, analyze and publishes demographics and economic data from a variety of public and proprietary sources, each of which often includes multiple surveys and programs. The large majority of Neilsberg Research aggregated datasets and insights is made available for free download at https://www.neilsberg.com/research/.

Recommended for further research

This dataset is a part of the main dataset for United States Population by Race & Ethnicity. You can refer the same here

If you're looking for datasets from another year, please feel free to contact us at research@neilsberg.com and we'll be happy to assist you further.

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